Service Business Projecting

Car servicing

 

A motor vehicle service is a series of maintenance procedures carried out at a set time interval or after the vehicle has travelled a certain distance. The service intervals are specified by the vehicle manufacturer in a service schedule and some modern cars display the due date for the next service electronically on the instrument panel.

  

 

Fig.1 Vehicle services

The completed services are usually recorded in a service book which is rubber stamped by the service center upon completion of each service. A complete service history usually adds to the resale value of a vehicle.

 

Maintenance tasks commonly carried out during a motor vehicle service include:

 

Importance of Servicing the Car

 

Types of car servicing

There are three different types of service that your car may need, which are dependent on the age of your car and the amount of mileage it has on the clock.

 

As a general rule of thumb, you should have an oil and filter service between your main services, interim service should be done every 6 months or 6,000 miles and your full service every 12 months or 12,000 miles, whichever comes the soonest.

The age of your car may change the frequency of the required service so it’s always best to refer to your manual for the manufacturers recommendations.  On newer cars, with on-board computers, the dash will often indicate when the next service is due and what level of service is required.

 

 

Fig.2 Types of car service

 

Oil Change Service

This should be carried out between services or before taking a long journey. Oil is vital to keep your engine running smoothly as it lubricates vital components. Here’s what an oil service includes:

An oil change service is not classed as a service so your car’s book will not be stamped, this only happens after an interim or full service.

 

Interim Car Service

An interim car service should be carried out every 6 months or 6,000 miles. This will keep your car safe and roadworthy in-between full services. In addition to the items covered in the Oil and Filter Service, at this service your car will also have the brakes, steering, suspension and shock absorbers checked.

 

Full Car Service

A full car service should be carried out every 12,000 miles or 12 months to keep your car maintained correctly. It is important to have a full service carried out as a trained mechanic could spot damage early and prevent further costs if something were to go wrong with your car. It is unlikely that you will be able to spot any potential problems yourself.

Take a look at the car service checklist(table 1) below to see what is carried out during an oil/filter service, an interim service and a full service.

 

Table 1: Fully comprehensive check list of what is covered in

 

Oil / Filter Service

Interim Service

Main Service

Replace oil filter

Y

Y

Y

Check for engine oil leaks

Y

Y

Y

Check operation of headlights, indicators and other exterior lights

Y

Y

Y

Check windscreen washers / wipers for operational and top up if necessary

Y

Y

Y

Check vehicle horn

Y

Y

Y

Check coolant / antifreeze and top up

Y

Y

Y

Check and top up clutch and brake fluid

Y

Y

Y

Check windscreen condition

Y

Y

Y

Check gearbox oil and axle oil (where applicable)

 

Y

Y

Check automatic transmission fluids (where applicable)

 

Y

Y

Check steering and suspension components for wear

 

Y

Y

Check fan / alternator and auxillary belt for tension and wear

 

Y

Y

Check power steering and top up reservoir where applicable

 

Y

Y

Check for correct clutch operation

 

Y

Y

Check prop shaft, drive shaft and joints for operation and wear

 

Y

Y

Check brake pads and brake shoes for wear or damage

 

Y

Y

Check brake callipers, wheel cylinders, hoses and pipes for wear and leaks

 

Y

Y

Check shock absorbers for operations and performance

 

Y

Y

Check fuel lines for leaks

 

Y

Y

Check radiator for condition and for leaks

 

Y

Y

Check exhaust, fixings and check for condition and leaks

 

Y

Y

Check handbrake for operation and travel (lubricate and adjust if necessary

 

Y

Y

Check all seatbelts for condition and operation

 

Y

Y

Check ABS warning lights

 

Y

Y

Check heater plug indicator (diesel models)

 

Y

Y

Check wheel bearings (and report play or noise)

 

Y

Y

Check tyres for condition pressure and tread (including spare)

 

Y

Y

Check wheel nut torque and set to manufacturer setting

 

Y

Y

Visually inspect front brakes from inside edge of wheel

 

Y

 

Check exterior mirrors for condition

 

Y

 

Check interior mirror condition

 

Y

Y

Check bonnet catch and lubricate (if required)

 

Y

Y

Inspect and lubricate door hinges (if required)

 

Y

Y

Check number plates condition and security

 

Y

Y

Replace spark plugs if applicable

   

Y

Replace air filter element

   

Y

Replace fuel filter (petrol and diesel models)

   

Y

Remove rear wheels and check brake discs / drums condition

   

Y

Remove front wheels and check brake discs / drums condition

   

Y

Check coolant hoses, expansion tank and cap for condition and leaks

   

Y

Check cooling fan for operation (where applicable)

   

Y

Check HT leads, distributor cap and rotor arm for visual condition

   

Y

Check throttle linkage / cable and lubricate (if applicable)

   

Y

Visually inspect smoke emission (diesel models)

   

Y

Check for timing / cam belt replacement and report if due

   

Y

Check for cabin / pollen filter replacement and report if due

   

Y

Grease steering / suspension (if required)

   

Y

 

Major Types of Auto Repair Shops

When it comes to servicing your car, there is not shortage of auto repair shops from which to choose. These days, it seems like garages can be found on just about every corner of your neighborhood. If you’re looking to find a quality auto shop, then one of the first steps is determining which kind of shop is best for you.

 

Dealerships

Dealership auto repair shops are known for providing high-quality work. Mechanics at these shops are manufacturer-trained and specialize in performing repairs on your specific vehicle’s make. Because of this, you can eliminate much of the guesswork that comes with finding a reliable mechanic by going back to the dealership.

The vehicle components that are required for your repair are also more likely to be on hand at a dealership. This may result in lower turnaround times, as mechanics will not need to wait for ordered parts to ship to the garage. Additionally, if you have a newer vehicle, warranty repairs may be able to be performed at the dealership free of charge.

 

Independent Garages

The majority of car shops are independently owned. While the degree of service and pricing can vary greatly from one shop to the next, a reliable shop often provides servicing on par with dealerships. Many drivers choose to go with an independent auto shop because it tends to be cheaper than taking a car to the dealership. Additionally, corner garages are often more conveniently located.

When selecting an independent garage, make sure the mechanics are certified by the National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence (ASE). This certification indicates a credible track record and solid knowledge base that should reduce the potential for low-quality repairs.

 

Specialty Auto Shops

An independent auto repair shop that focuses on a specific type of repair or vehicle is known as a specialty shop. Examples of specialty shops include those that only perform brake servicing or those that only service European or exotic cars. Specialty shops are preferred for their superior knowledge of a narrowed set of repairs. As such, if you own a luxury or exotic car, this may be the right place to take your vehicle. Additionally, if you need brake servicing or another common type of repair, the streamlined approach of specialty shops can often save you time and money.

The document was created: 21. 10. 2020 07:23:01
Source: http://web2.mendelu.cz/af_291_projekty2/vseo/